Class Action against 7-Eleven and ANZ Bank in the Federal Court
Revised 10 July 2018
Levitt Robinson, on behalf of Davaria Pty Limited, has commenced a Class Action in the Federal Court of Australia against 7-Eleven Stores Pty Ltd, 7-Eleven Inc (a Texas corporation) and the ANZ Bank.
The claim alleges:
- breach of contract, as Franchisees do not have an opportunity to make a profit and are forced to pay over the odds at wholesale for stock, and interest on their stock;
- misleading and deceptive conduct, as the average financial information provided to Franchisees, their advisors and the ANZ Bank did not state the true cost of payroll;
- misleading and deceptive conduct, for not making full disclosure under the Franchising Code and OilCode about rebates and discounts taken from Franchisees when they purchased wholesale stock;
- unconscionable conduct, in the pricing of wholesale stock;
- 7-Eleven Inc (a Texas corporation). the Master Franchisor, which calls the shots, is also being sued in the Class Action;
- irresponsible lending and breaches of the Code of Banking Practice by ANZ Bank, in lending to 7-Eleven franchisees.
“It’s a trap”
The lead applicant in the class action is Davaria Pty Limited, the franchisee of two 7-Eleven stores in Sydney. According to its director, Paresh Davaria, “The whole 7-Eleven system is one-sided. It’s not feasible to run a store for 24 hours. It’s a trap. We can’t repay the money lent to us because we are not making a profit. So we have to work for free. When we raise these issues with 7-Eleven, they say ‘Read the contract, it’s your fault, your decision.’ But no franchisee understands the contract.”
“We are like puppets”
Paresh continued: “Bullying from 7-Eleven representatives is very common. If you approach them, they try to turn the blame back on you. If you speak up, they don’t renew your franchise and you keep your loan but lose your home. But even if you stay in the system, you can’t put food on the table. They charge money to us and don’t even tell us that they are doing it, or the reason. We are basically working for free. I have a little 2-year-old daughter and my wife and I have to work 12 hours a day each, 7 days a week, and still care for our little one. But they won’t let me sell my business. We are like puppets, and the masters pull the strings as it pleases them.”
The financials of one of Mr Davaria’s first store paints a tale of financial woe. Mr Davaria took on his first store in September 2013, which is why we only have two-thirds of the financial year ending on 30 June 2014.
(2/3 of the year)
|Total Retail Sales||1,387,258||1,298,039||1,325,952||919,344||1,814,691||1,942,128||1,995,301|
|Net Income before tax and Bank repayments of interest and principal||102,823||56,821||94,281||34,754||57,935||84,360||59,470|
Before he took over, sales were around the $1.3 million mark. Mr Davaria increased sales by 50% to almost $2 million, and has steadily been increasing that number.
Why is the top line up and the bottom line down?
Since late 2015, full award wages and add-ons have been paid (inclusive of overtime and penalty rates) to 7-Eleven workers by Franchisees, following the Four Corners Exposé, “The Price of Convenience” screened on 30 August 2015. This demonstrates how the 7-Eleven System, like the US South, before it, has been built on slavery.
This class action is unstoppable by 7-Eleven, other than by a settlement or judgment. We expect Franchisees around the country to sign up – and we already have significant numbers who signed. We have a US litigation funder, from the Galactic Group, which is a syndicate of New York bankers and investors.
It is an “opt out” class action, which means that if you are a Group Member who:
- at any time between 20 February 2012 and 19 February 2018 were or commenced to be franchisee parties (Franchisees) to a standard-form franchise agreement (Franchise Agreement) with the first respondent, 7-Eleven Stores Pty Ltd (7-Eleven); and
- have not entered into a release of all of their claims against both 7-Eleven and the Bank arising out of the conduct of 7-Eleven and the Bank described in this statement of claim.
then you are “in”. However, you will be provided with an opportunity to opt out of the proceedings by a date to be nominated by the Court which will be notified to you in due course.
It is proposed that the Group Member definition will change on 3 August 2018.
Please see below link to the Group Member Definition Notice for more information.
Please email firstname.lastname@example.org if you wish to receive a Funding Agreement, to sign and return.
- Bulletin No 4 with media release of 15 February 2018
- Bulletin No 5 with Originating Application and Statement of Claim filed in the Federal Court on 20 February 2018
- Bulletin No 6
- Bulletin No 8 and correspondence enclosed
The legal team
The team at Levitt Robinson Solicitors running the class action is led by Senior Partner, Stewart Levitt, and includes Chrystalla Georgiou (Partner), Brett Imlay (Special Counsel), Daniel Meyerowitz-Katz (Senior Associate), Benjamin Brady (Senior Associate) and Jem Punthakey (Solicitor).
Ms Kristine Hanscombe QC (Castan Chambers, Melbourne) and Lachlan Armstrong QC (Castan Chambers, Melbourne) have agreed to lead barristers Tim Castle (Six St James Hall Chambers, Sydney), Guy Donnellan (Level 22 Chambers, Sydney) and Thomas Bagley (9 Selborne Chambers, Sydney) – for the Applicant and Group Members.
|Stewart A Levitt||Jem Punthakey|
|0407 323 737||(02) 9286 3133|
Stewart Levitt featured in Jan/Feb 2018 Business First Magazine